2 edition of Transformations of halogenated hydrocarbons found in the catalog.
Transformations of halogenated hydrocarbons
N. Lee Wolfe
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory,  in Athens, GA
Written in English
|Other titles||Hydrolysis and redox processes.|
|Statement||N. Lee Wolfe and Peter M. Jeffers.|
|Series||Environmental research brief|
|Contributions||Jeffers, Peter M., Environmental Research Laboratory (Athens, Ga.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||6 p. :|
Phytormediation is an exciting new method for controlling and cleaning up hazardous wastes using green plants. This book is the first to compile the state of the science and engineering arts in this rapidly advancing field. Phytormediation: Approaches the subject from the perspectives of biochemistry, genetics, toxicology, and pathway analysis. - Is written by two of the premier experts in. Patty's Toxicology presents a premier reference for toxicological information on a large number of industrial chemicals that pose potential health hazards. The reference presents logical groupings of comprehensive toxicological data for industrial compounds, including CAS numbers, physical and chemical properties, exposure limits, and biological tolerance values for occupational .
Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants provides an authoritative account of the history and the most recent developments of this exciting, emerging field. Steven McCutcheon and Jerald Schnoor's insightful book defines the current state of the science of phytoremediation and points the way to further possible by: A halogenated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon that contains one or more halogen atoms. The chemical compound is also known as a halocarbon. The chemical compound is also known as a halocarbon. Examples.
Halogenated means that all of these chemicals have one or more halogen atoms attached to their benzene rings. The enzyme activity of isolated protein was ent transformation of 2. Halogenated hydrocarbons may be sub-classified based on the nature of the hydrocarbon fragment to which they are attached (alkane, alkene, alkyne, aromatic), and on the basis of the number of halogen atoms present (mono-, di- tri- tetra-, etc. halogenated compounds).File Size: 57KB.
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The reactions of alkanes with halogens produce halogenated hydrocarbons, compounds in which one or more hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by halogen atoms: The replacement of only one hydrogen atom gives an alkyl halide (or haloalkane).
Transformations of halogenated hydrocarbons: hydrolysis and redox processes Author: N Lee Wolfe ; Peter M Jeffers ; Environmental Research Laboratory (Athens, Ga.). The occurrence of halogenated hydrocarbons as ubiquitous contaminants in the environment is well documented (Vogel et al., ). Specific compounds in this class of organics are widely used as industrial cleaning and degreasing solvents, high pressure lubricants, pesticides, and coolants (including proposed freon substitutes).
Reductive Transformation of Halogenated Aliphatic Pollutants by Iron Sulfide. , DOI: /bkch Barbara A. Balko, Paul G. Tratnyek. A Discovery-Based Experiment Illustrating How Iron Metal Is Used to Remediate Contaminated by: The reactions of alkanes with halogens produce halogenated hydrocarbons A hydrocarbon in which one or more hydrogen atoms has been replaced by a halogen atom., compounds in which one or more hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by halogen atoms.
The chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) are weakly adsorbed in the internal channels of the zeolite resulting in small wavenumber shifts on zeolites possessing no Brönsted acid centers, but hydrogen bonded adsorbed species are formed on Brönsted acidic by: United States Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Laboratory Athens, QA Research and Development EPA//M/ May ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF Transformations of Halogenated Hydrocarbons: Hydrolysis and Redox Processes N.
Lee Wolfe" and Peter M. Jeffers" Abstract This report describes process models and rate constants that are. The transformation of nine halogenated aliphatic compounds by 10 g/L ( m2/L) FeS at pH was studied in batch experiments.
These compounds were as follows: pentachloroethane (PCA), 1,1,2,2- and 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethanes (TeCA and TeCA), 1,1,1- and 1,1,2-trichloroethanes (TCA and TCA), 1,1- and 1,2-dichloroethanes (DCA and DCA), Cited by: Retrospective on microbial transformations of halogenated organics P.
McCarty, C. Criddle and T. Vogel Prior to the s, knowledge of biological transformations of highly halogenated aliphatic compounds was limited, except in mammalian organisms where enzymatic transformations occurred to rid the body of ingested harmful chemicals.
HYDROCARBONS Halogenated aliphatic compounds are prevalent ground-watercontaminants and are significant components ofhaz-ardous wastes andlandfill leachates.
Manyhazardous halo-genated aliphatic compounds released from industrial, commercial, and agricultural sources are chlorinated or brominated alkanes and alkenes that contain one to threeCited by: halogenated hydrocarbons and alcohols Download halogenated hydrocarbons and alcohols or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format.
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In an interesting study on bioremediation of hazardous wastes, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylenes, phenols, and cresols were used as electron donors to biologically reduce halogenated hydrocarbons (electron acceptors) such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE), thereby achieving the degradation of both (U.S.
Patent No. Request PDF | Biogeochemistry of Halogenated Hydrocarbons | This chapter will describe the widespread occurrence of halogenated hydrocarbons, interpret their distribution and biogeochemical. Halogenated hydrocarbons are derivatives of hydrocarbons (that is, organic compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen atoms) which include some halogen atoms within their chemical most commonly encountered halogens in halogenated hydrocarbons are fluorine and chlorine, but sometimes bromine or iodine occur, or combinations of any of these.
All products detected were aromatic, and substituents were often oxidized but were not separated from the benzene ring. Most transformations were enhanced by (NH 4) 2 SO 4 ( mM) and were prevented by C 2 H 2, a mechanism-based inactivator of ammonia monooxygenase (AMO).
AMO catalyzed alkyl substituent hydroxylations, styrene epoxidation, ethylbenzene desaturation to Cited by: Some Halogenated Hydrocarbons (IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans, Vol. 20) [IARC, World Health Organization] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Some Halogenated Hydrocarbons (IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to HumansAuthor: IARC. Many halogenated hydrocarbons allow for multiple stable isotopic systems (C, H, Cl, Br) to be measured for a single compound.
This has led to a large body of literature describing abiotic and biotic transformation pathways and reaction mechanisms for contaminants such as chlorinated alkenes and alkanes as well as brominated : Ann Sullivan Ojeda, Elizabeth Phillips, Barbara Sherwood Lollar.
Purchase Toxicology of Halogenated Hydrocarbons - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Treatment of Atmospheric Halogenated Hydrocarbons by Plants and Fungi.
Jeffers. Chemistry Department, State University of New York, Cortland, New York, USA Book Editor(s): Plants and fungi are included among the sources and sinks of small halogenated hydrocarbons in the troposphere.
Some of these anthropogenic halocarbons may be Cited by: 5. The degradation of several classes of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons in methanogenic sediment‐water systems was examined in laboratory studies.
Several transformation processes were shown to occur, leading to formation of a variety of by:. This is “Organic Chemistry: Alkanes and Halogenated Hydrocarbons”, chapter 12 from the book Introduction to Chemistry: General, Organic, and Biological (v.
). .nitroaromatics, halogenated aliphatics, halogenated aromatics and metalloids, which remain unaffected during conventional aerobic wastewater treatment. In contrast, under anaerobic conditions, these contaminants can undergo reductive transformations (Field et al., ).
During the last two decades, evidence accumulated showing. ATHIAS — An information system for abiotic transformations of halogenated hydrocarbons in aqueous solution Ellenrieder, Waltraud; Reinhard, Martin; Abstract.
Not Available. Publication: Chemosphere. Pub Date: January DOI: /(88) Bibcode: ChmspE Cited by: 7.